Without biodiversity, nature cannot function, without nature, humans cannot function.
A loss of bioabundance means that species numbers matter as much as the number of species. We need stable populations of species.
Species have a direct influence on their ecosystem, and having complex relationships that collectively produce thriving and productive habitats and landscapes.
The State of Nature Report (2019) documents how human impacts are driving sweeping changes in biodiversity in the UK. These impacts will affect everyone, with the greatest being on the lives of our young people and generations to come.
The UK will not meet the targets agreed as part of the Convention of Biological Diversity, with the following statistics showing the stark reality of the state of our natural environment:
- 13% decline in average species’ abundance
- 5% decline in average species distribution
- 41% of species have decreased abundance
- 53% of species show rapid changes
- 15% of species are threatened
The major pressures on our natural environment include agricultural management, climate change, urbanisation, pollution, hydrological change, invasive non- native species, and woodland management.
How nature solves the problem
Biodiversity produces food, fibres, wood products; it cleans our waters, controls agricultural pests, pollinates plants and disperses seeds, it provides us with recreation (birdwatching, gardening, ecotourism); it gives us the materials to make ornaments and art; it provides us with our cultures and our spiritual wellbeing.
Without human intervention, our natural environments develop to maximise their diversity and create functioning ecosystems that help to mitigate against the threats imposed by society.